Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Eduard Gaertner


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist, Eduard Gaertner [German, 1801-1877] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gaertner_Eduard

Eduard Gaertner was German Romantic painter, architect and printmaker (also Johann Philipp Eduard Gaertner). He was known by documenting Berlin in his paintings, carefully depicting the architectural and technological wonders of the time.

The years between the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 and the revolutions of 1848, known as the Biedermeier era, were a time of relative peace, prosperity, and innovation in German-speaking Europe. The art of the period came to be characterized by what a critic of the day called “rigorous simplicity.”

Berlin was expanding rapidly, growing to fulfill its role as a major European capital. Imposing new public buildings by Schinkel and his disciples were being constructed. Painters like Eduard Gaertner and Johann Erdmann Hummel chose Berlin as their subject.

In Gaertner’s paintings, emphasis was given to the objective recording of natural phenomena, and he sought to achieve an enamel-like finish that masked individual brushstrokes. We see how landscape and portraiture grew in importance while history painting declined.

Gaertner was carefully depicting the architectural and technological wonders, like the huge granite bowl that adorned the center of the city. They also turned his attention to the magnificent boulevards, as in his view of Schinkel’s Neue Wache (New Guardhouse), whose Doric portico faces Unter den Linden, the city’s most elegant promenade and parade ground.


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Der Marktplatz mit der Nikolaikirche in Gent

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Klosterstrasse

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Die Bauakademie in Berlin

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Unter den Linden

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Die Brucke movement, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner [German, 1880-1938] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Kirchner_Ernst_Ludwig

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (b. Aschaffenburg 1880; d. Davos 1938) studied architecture in Dresden where he met and worked with Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. After finishing his studies, however, he opposed his father’s wishes and decided to become a painter. The intense artistic and intellectual relationship between the four artists soon led to the formation of the artist group “Die Brücke,” which, according to Schmidt-Rottluff, wanted to “attract all revolutionary and restless forces.”

The artists began to work on the “Viertelstundenakte,” drawings on nude models in the studio or in open nature. At first the group oriented itself to artists from Late Impressionism. The discovery of the Fauves, South Seas’ art and van Gogh led the painters to Expressionism. Due to the encounter with Italian Futurist works, the group’s painting style changed and became “tougher.”

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner studied the sculptures at the Völkerkundemuseum in Dresden, which influenced his own wood sculptures. In 1911 Kirchner moved to Berlin. Here Kirchner discovered new motifs — city and street scenes. He painted them in a simplified manner, with sharply contoured forms, expressive features and clashing colors. The city paintings became incunables of Expressionism and made Kirchner one of the most important German artists of the 20th century.

The beginning of world war I and the following years were a turning point in his life. The war experiences and military service caused an existential angst and led to illness and long stays in sanatoriums. The more remarkable was his artistic production of that time. Works like the woodcut “Frauen am Potsdamer Platz,” the “Bilder zu Chamisso’s Peter Schlemihl,” the self-portraits and woodcut pictures from the sanatoriums, which are counted among the highlights of his œuvre, came into existence.

In 1917 Kirchner settled in Frauenkirch near Davos. The city scenes were now replaced by mountain landscapes and scenes of rural life. Around 1920 his painting style calmed down, his paintings had a carpet-like two dimensionality. Besides, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner also produced an extensive graphic work — wood cuts, lithographs and ink drawings. In 1923 Kirchner moved to the “Haus auf dem Wildboden” at the entrance of the Sertig Valley where he lived and worked until he committed suicide in 1938.


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Nollendorfplatz

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10 Thumbnails of various Artists

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A Group of Artists: Otto Mueller, Kirchner, Heckel, Schmidt-Rottluff

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Siesta

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida [Spanish, 1863-1923] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Sorolla_y_Bastida_Joaquin

Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida (February 27, 1863 – August 10, 1923) was a Spanish painter, born in Valencia, who excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land. Joaquin Sorolla was the eldest child born to a tradesman, also named Joaquin, and his wife, Concepcion Bastida. His sister, Concha, was born a year later. In August 1865 both children were orphaned when their parents died, possibly from cholera. They were thereafter cared for by their maternal aunt and uncle. He received his initial art education, at the age of fourteen, in his native town, and then under a succession of teachers including Cayetano Capuz, Salustiano Asenjo. At the age of eighteen he traveled to Madrid, vigorously studying master paintings in the Museo del Prado.

After completing his military service, at twenty-two Sorolla obtained a grant which enabled a four year term to study painting in Rome, Italy, where he was welcomed by and found stability in the example of F. Pradilla, the director of the Spanish Academy in Rome. A long sojourn to Paris in 1885 provided his first exposure to modern painting; of special influence were exhibitions of Jules Bastien-Lepage and Adolf von Menzel. Back in Rome he studied with Jose Benlliure, Emilio Sala, and Jose Villegas.


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Minha mulher e minhas filhas

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Walk on the Beach

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Sad Inheritance

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Children on the Sea-shore

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Pieter de Hooch


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 17th Century artist of the Baroque movement, Pieter de Hooch [Dutch, 1629-1684] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Hooch_Pieter_de

Pieter de Hooch was born in Rotterdam in 1617, the son of a mason and a midwife. His career as a painter started in Delft. As usual in his day, he had a second string to his bow besides painting: he was an assistant to a linen merchant. De Hooch specialised in decorous interiors with merry companies of people. Views through windows or corridors into other, distant rooms often featured in his work. Like other Dutch genre painters, De Hooch sometimes gave his interiors hidden messages. After moving to Amsterdam in 1661, De Hooch’s domestic groups tended to become increasingly elegant and affluent. De Hooch eventually died in Amsterdam’s Dolhuis (madhouse). When this happened is not known for certain.


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Cardplayers in a Sunlit Room

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A Dutch Courtyard

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Musical Party in a Courtyard

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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Yves Tanguy


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Surrealist movement, Yves Tanguy [French, 1900-1955] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Tanguy_Yves

Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy (1900-55), was a French-born American painter, born in Brittany, France on January 5th 1900. He was originally a merchant seaman, and was drafted into the army during World War I. Tanguy was impelled to take up painting after seeing pictures by de Chirico and in 1925, he joined the Surrealist Movement where he was welcomed by André Breton. Tanguy incorporated into his work the images of geological formations he had observed during a trip to Africa in 1930.

He exhibited extensively during the 1930’s in solo and Surrealist group shows in New York, Brussels, Paris, and London. In 1939 he emigrated to the USA, where he lived for the rest of his life, marrying the American Surrealist painter Kay Sage in 1940 and becoming an American citizen in 1948.

Tanguy’s most characteristic works are painted in a scrupulous technique reminiscent of that of Dalí, but his imagery is highly distinctive, featuring half marine and half lunar landscapes in which amorphous nameless objects proliferate in a spectral dream-space (The Invisibles, Tate Gallery, London, 1951). A retrospective of Tanguy’s work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York eight months after his death on January 15th 1955, in Woodbury, Connecticut.


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The Invisibles

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Indefinite Divisibility

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Neither Legends nor Figures

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Reply To Red

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Frida Kahlo


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Frida Kahlo [Mexican, 1907-1954] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Kahlo_Frida

Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón de Rivera (born July 6, 1907, Coyocoán, Mexico, died July 13, 1954, Coyocoán), Mexican painter. The daughter of a German Jewish photographer, she had polio as a child and at 18 suffered a serious bus accident. She subsequently underwent some 35 operations; during her recovery, she taught herself to paint. She is noted for her intense self-portraits, many reflecting her physical ordeal.

Like many artists working in post-revolutionary Mexico, Kahlo was influenced by Mexican folk art; this is apparent in her use of fantastical elements and bold use of color, and in her depictions of herself wearing traditional Mexican, rather than European-style, dress. Her marriage to painter Diego Rivera (from 1929) was tumultuous, but artistically rewarding.

The Surrealists André Breton and Marcel Duchamp helped arrange exhibits of her work in the U.S. and Europe, and though she denied the connection, the dreamlike quality of her work has often led historians to identify her as a Surrealist. She died at 47. Her house in Coyocoán is now the Frida Kahlo Museum.


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What the Water Gave Me

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Self-portrait with the Portrait of Doctor Farill

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The Little Deer

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Self-portrait with Loose Hair