Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Lucas Cranach the Elder


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Lucas Cranach the Elder [German, 1472-1553] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Cranach_the_Elder_Lucas

Cranach, Lucas the Elder (1472-1553). German painter. He takes his name from the small town of Kronach in South Germany, where he was born, and very little is known of his life before about 1500-01, when he settled in Vienna and started working in the humanist circles associated with the newly founded university. His stay in Vienna was brief (he left in 1504), but in his period there he painted some of his finest and most original works. They include portraits, notably those of Johannes Cuspinian, a lecturer at the university, and his wife Anna (Reinhart Collection, Winterhur), and several religious works in which he shows a remarkable feeling for the beauty of landscape characteristic of the Danube school. The finest example of this manner is perhaps the Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Staatliche Museen, Berlin), which shows the Holy Family resting in the glade of a German pine forest. It was painted in 1504, just before Cranach went to Wittenberg as court painter to Frederick III (the Wise), Elector of Saxony.

From October of 1916 through January of 1917, Rudolf Steiner gave a series of nine lectures known as the Art Course. These lectures were given the title of: The History of Art. Click here to discover what Steiner said about Cranach in the third lecture, or in the entire lecture series.


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Madonna and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist

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Detail: The Fountain of Youth

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The Holy Family

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Lucas Cranach the Elder


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Lucas Cranach the Elder [German, 1472-1553] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Cranach_the_Elder_Lucas

Cranach, Lucas the Elder (1472-1553). German painter. He takes his name from the small town of Kronach in South Germany, where he was born, and very little is known of his life before about 1500-01, when he settled in Vienna and started working in the humanist circles associated with the newly founded university. His stay in Vienna was brief (he left in 1504), but in his period there he painted some of his finest and most original works. They include portraits, notably those of Johannes Cuspinian, a lecturer at the university, and his wife Anna (Reinhart Collection, Winterhur), and several religious works in which he shows a remarkable feeling for the beauty of landscape characteristic of the Danube school. The finest example of this manner is perhaps the Rest on the Flight into Egypt (Staatliche Museen, Berlin), which shows the Holy Family resting in the glade of a German pine forest. It was painted in 1504, just before Cranach went to Wittenberg as court painter to Frederick III (the Wise), Elector of Saxony.

From October of 1916 through January of 1917, Rudolf Steiner gave a series of nine lectures known as the Art Course. These lectures were given the title of: The History of Art. Click here to discover what Steiner said about Cranach in the third lecture, or in the entire lecture series.


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Madonna and Child with the Infant Saint John the Baptist

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Detail: The Fountain of Youth

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The Holy Family

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Palma Vecchio


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Palma Vecchio [Italian, 1480?-1528] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Negretti_Jacopo

Palma Vecchio (1480 – July 1528), born Jacopo Palma or known as Jacopo Negretti, was an Italian painter of the Venetian school born at Serina Alta near Bergamo. He is called Palma Vecchio in English (“Old Palma” — in Italian Palma il Vecchio) to distinguish him from Palma Giovane, his great-nephew.

When Palma arrived in Venice early in the 16th century, he reputedly was a companion and competitor of Lorenzo Lotto, and to some extent a pupil of Titian. He may also have taught Bonifazio Pitati and influenced Giovanni Busi. Palma’s earlier works betray the influence of the Bellini.

Palma’s work demonstrates superior richness of color, but he did not excel with regard to invention nor vigorous draughtsmanship.

His paintings frequently feature his (so-called) daughter Violante, of whom Titian was said to be enamoured. Famous works by Palma include a composition of six paintings in the Venetian church of Santa Maria Formosa, with St Barbara in the centre, under the dead Christ, and to right and left SS. Dominic, Sebastian, John Baptist and Anthony. A second work is in the Dresden Gallery, representing three sisters seated in the open air; it is frequently named The Three Graces. A third work, discovered in Venice in 1900, is a portrait supposed to represent Violante. Other leading examples are: the Last Supper in Santa Maria Mater Domini; a Madonna, in the church of San Stefano in Vicenza; the Epiphany, (Brera Gallery, Milan); the Holy Family with a young shepherd (Louvre, Paris), The Holy Family with St. Catherine, St. John and Donor (Beli Dvor, Belgrade ), St Stephen and other Saints, Christ and the Widow of Nain and the Assumption of the Virgin, (Gallerie dell’Accademia, Venice), and Christ at Emmaus (Pitti Palace).


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Portrait of Paola Priuli

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Portrait of a Man

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Portrait of a Woman (La Bella)

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Christ and the Adulteress

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Pieter Bruegel the Elder


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Pieter Bruegel the Elder [Flemish, 1525-1569] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Bruegel_the_Elder_Pieter

Pieter Bruegel (about 1525-69), usually known as Pieter Bruegel the Elder to distinguish him from his elder son, was the first in a family of Flemish painters. He spelled his name Brueghel until 1559, and his sons retained the “h” in the spelling of their names.

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, generally considered the greatest Flemish painter of the 16th century, is by far the most important member of the family. He was probably born in Breda in the Duchy of Brabant, now in The Netherlands. Accepted as a master in the Antwerp painters’ guild in 1551, he was apprenticed to Coecke van Aelst, a leading Antwerp artist, sculptor, architect, and designer of tapestry and stained glass. Bruegel traveled to Italy in 1551 or 1552, completing a number of paintings, mostly landscapes, there. Returning home in 1553, he settled in Antwerp but ten years later moved permanently to Brussels. He married van Aelst’s daughter, Mayken, in 1563. His association with the van Aelst family drew Bruegel to the artistic traditions of the Mechelen (now Malines) region in which allegorical and peasant themes run strongly. His paintings, including his landscapes and scenes of peasant life, stress the absurd and vulgar, yet are full of zest and fine detail. They also expose human weaknesses and follies. He was sometimes called the “peasant Bruegel” from such works as Peasant Wedding Feast (1567).


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The Temptation of St. Anthony

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The Triumph of Death

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Adoration by the Wise Men (The Adoration of the Kings)

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The Blind Leading the Blind (The Parable of the Blind;(Dutch: De parabel der blinden)

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Hans Holbein


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Hans Holbein [German, 1497?-1543] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Holbein_Hans

Hans Holbein the Elder (1465?–1524). Born in Augsburg, Bavaria, the elder Holbein, like his brother Sigmund, painted richly colored religious works in the late Gothic style. In addition to the altar paintings that are his principal works, he designed church windows and also made a number of portrait drawings that foreshadow the work of his famous son. His later paintings show the transition from the late Gothic to the Renaissance style. He died in Isenheim, Alsace.


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Jean de Dinteville and Georges de Selve (`The Ambassadors’)

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Portrait of Sir Richard Southwell

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Spinner

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Albrecht Dürer


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Albrecht Dürer [German, 1471-1528] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Durer_Albrecht

Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) was a German engraver and painter whose fame and influence reach far beyond national borders. Famous for his graphic work; his engravings and woodcuts; in Dürer’s time woodcuts are used to illustrate books.


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The Four Holy Men or The Four Apostles

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The Four Horsemen Of The Apocalypse

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The Seven Sorrows Of The Virgin

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Adam and Eve (The Fall of Man)

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Il Giorgione


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Il Giorgione [Venetian, 1478-1511] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Giorgione_Il

Italian painter, one of the main artists of the Venetian high renaissance. He was born as Giorgio Barbarelli in the town of Castelfranco in the Veneto region.


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The Adoration of the Shepherds

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Laura

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The Three Philosophers

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The Tempest

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Mabuse/Malbodius


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Mabuse/Malbodius [Flemish, 1478?-?1533] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gossaert_Jan

Mabuse, born c. 1478, County of Hainaut, died c. 1532, Breda, Brabant (now in Netherlands), was originally named Jan Gossaert, or Jenni Gossart, also called Jan Malbodius. He was a Flemish painter who was one of the first artists to introduce the style of the Italian Renaissance into the Low Countries.


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Portrait of Baudouin of Burgundy

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Danae

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St. Anthony with a Donor

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Portrait of a Merchant

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Mabuse/Malbodius


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Mabuse/Malbodius [Flemish, 1478?-?1533] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gossaert_Jan

Mabuse, born c. 1478, County of Hainaut, died c. 1532, Breda, Brabant (now in Netherlands), was originally named Jan Gossaert, or Jenni Gossart, also called Jan Malbodius. He was a Flemish painter who was one of the first artists to introduce the style of the Italian Renaissance into the Low Countries.


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Portrait of Baudouin of Burgundy

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Danae

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St. Anthony with a Donor

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Portrait of a Merchant

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Mabuse/Malbodius


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 16th Century artist, Mabuse/Malbodius [Flemish, 1478?-?1533] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gossaert_Jan

Mabuse, born c. 1478, County of Hainaut, died c. 1532, Breda, Brabant (now in Netherlands), was originally named Jan Gossaert, or Jenni Gossart, also called Jan Malbodius. He was a Flemish painter who was one of the first artists to introduce the style of the Italian Renaissance into the Low Countries.


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Portrait of Baudouin of Burgundy

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Danae

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St. Anthony with a Donor

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Portrait of a Merchant