Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Eduard Gaertner


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist, Eduard Gaertner [German, 1801-1877] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gaertner_Eduard

Eduard Gaertner was German Romantic painter, architect and printmaker (also Johann Philipp Eduard Gaertner). He was known by documenting Berlin in his paintings, carefully depicting the architectural and technological wonders of the time.

The years between the defeat of Napoleon in 1815 and the revolutions of 1848, known as the Biedermeier era, were a time of relative peace, prosperity, and innovation in German-speaking Europe. The art of the period came to be characterized by what a critic of the day called “rigorous simplicity.”

Berlin was expanding rapidly, growing to fulfill its role as a major European capital. Imposing new public buildings by Schinkel and his disciples were being constructed. Painters like Eduard Gaertner and Johann Erdmann Hummel chose Berlin as their subject.

In Gaertner’s paintings, emphasis was given to the objective recording of natural phenomena, and he sought to achieve an enamel-like finish that masked individual brushstrokes. We see how landscape and portraiture grew in importance while history painting declined.

Gaertner was carefully depicting the architectural and technological wonders, like the huge granite bowl that adorned the center of the city. They also turned his attention to the magnificent boulevards, as in his view of Schinkel’s Neue Wache (New Guardhouse), whose Doric portico faces Unter den Linden, the city’s most elegant promenade and parade ground.


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Der Marktplatz mit der Nikolaikirche in Gent

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Klosterstrasse

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Die Bauakademie in Berlin

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Unter den Linden

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Berthe Morisot


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Impressionist movement, Berthe Morisot [French, 1841-1895] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Morisot_Berthe

The first woman to join the circle of the French impressionist painters, Berthe Morisot, b. Jan. 14, 1841, d. Mar. 2, 1895, exhibited in all but one of their shows.


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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Lebrun


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Neoclassicist movement, Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Lebrun [French, 1755-1842] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Vigee-Lebrun_Elisabeth-Louise

Élisabeth-Louise Vigée-Le Brun (b. 1755 Paris, d. 1842 Paris), was a French, Neoclassicist, Portrait artist. Her father, a portrait painter, died when she was twelve, so she taught herself to paint by copying the paintings of established masters in collections around Paris. Later in life, after studying the paintings of Peter Paul Rubens, she adopted his technique of painting layers of brilliant color on wood panels to achieve animated, polished, and supremely attractive portraits of European royalty and aristocracy.


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Self-Portrait

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Bacchante

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The Marquise de Peze (detail)

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Bacchante

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: William Merritt Chase


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Impressionist movement, William Merritt Chase [American, 1849-1916] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Chase_William_Merritt

William Merritt Chase (1849-1916), was an American painter who settled in New York in 1878 after five years of studying in Munich and became the most important American teacher of his generation. He taught at the Art Students’ League of New York and then at his own Chase School of Art, founded in 1896. The vigorous handling and fresh color characteristic of much of the best American painting of the early 20th century owes a good deal to his example. His pupils (whom he encouraged to paint in the open air) included Demuth, O’Keefe, and Sheeler. Chase was a highly prolific artist (his output of more than 2000 paintings included still lifes, portraits, interiors, and landscapes), and his work is represented in many American museums.


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A Friendly Call

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Terrace Prospect Park

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Alice Gerson Chase

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Azaleas

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Mary Cassatt


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Impressionist movement, Mary Cassatt [American, 1844-1926] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Cassatt_Mary

Mary Cassatt (b. May 22, 1844, Allegheny City, Pa., U.S. — d. June 14, 1926, Château de Beaufresne, near Paris, Fr.), American painter and printmaker who exhibited with the Impressionists.


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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Camille Pissarro


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Impressionist movement, Camille Pissarro [French, 1830-1903] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Pissarro_Camille

Camille Pissarro (b. July 10, 1830, St. Thomas, Danish West Indies — d. November 13, 1903, Paris), grew up on St. Thomas in the Antilles, where his parents, who had been born in France, ran a prosperous trading business. At the age of eleven, Pissaro was sent to Savary, a boarding school near Paris, where drawing was among the subjects he was taught. In 1851 he became acquainted with the young painter Fritz Melbye on St. Thomas and decided to go to Venezuela, where he remained until 1854, working hard on drawing. In 1855 he returned to Paris, where he became a pupil of the marine painter Anton Melbye.


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Boulevard Montmartre, effet de nuit

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Avenue de l’Opera, Place du Theatre

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Boulevard Montmartre, morning, cloudy weather

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The Chestnut Trees at Osny

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: I Hiroshige


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist, I Hiroshige [Japanese, 1797-1858] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Hiroshige_I

Hiroshige (1797-1858), Japanese painter and printmaker, known especially for his landscape prints. The last great figure of the Ukiyo-e, or popular, school of printmaking, he transmuted everyday landscapes into intimate, lyrical scenes that made him even more successful than his contemporary, Hokusai.


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The Sea off Satta

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The Plum Garden in Kameido

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Dyers’ Quarter, Kanda

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Moon Pine, Ueno

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: François Ferrière


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist, François Ferrière [Swiss-French, 1752-1839] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Ferriere_Francois

François Ferrière (1752–1839), was a Swiss miniaturist painter of portraits in oil and pastel, and an engraver practicing in landscape, genre scenes and trompe l’oeil. He was active in Geneva, London and St. Petersburg.


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The Old Port of Geneva

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Portrait of Miss Reboul

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Portrait de femme

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John Ramsay

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Gustav Caillebotte


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Impressionist movement, Gustav Caillebotte [French, 1848-1894] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Caillebotte_Gustav

Gustave Caillebotte, b. Aug. 19, 1848, d. Feb. 21, 1894, was a French painter and a generous patron of the Impressionists, whose own works, until recently, were neglected.


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Paris: A Rainy Day

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Fruit Displayed on a Stand

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Les Orangers (The Orange Trees)

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Le pont de l’Europe

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 19th Century artist of the Post-Impressionist movement, Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin [French, 1848-1903] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gauguin_Paul

(Eugène-Henri-) Gauguin (b. June 7, 1848, Paris, Fr. — d. May 8, 1903, Atuona, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia), one of the leading French painters of the Postimpressionist period, whose development of a conceptual method of representation was a decisive step for 20th-century art. After spending a short period with Vincent van Gogh in Arles (1888), Gauguin increasingly abandoned imitative art for expressiveness through colour. From 1891 he lived and worked in Tahiti and elsewhere in the South Pacific. His masterpieces include the early Vision After the Sermon (1888) and Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (1897-98).


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