Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida [Spanish, 1863-1923] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Sorolla_y_Bastida_Joaquin

Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida (February 27, 1863 – August 10, 1923) was a Spanish painter, born in Valencia, who excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land. Joaquin Sorolla was the eldest child born to a tradesman, also named Joaquin, and his wife, Concepcion Bastida. His sister, Concha, was born a year later. In August 1865 both children were orphaned when their parents died, possibly from cholera. They were thereafter cared for by their maternal aunt and uncle. He received his initial art education, at the age of fourteen, in his native town, and then under a succession of teachers including Cayetano Capuz, Salustiano Asenjo. At the age of eighteen he traveled to Madrid, vigorously studying master paintings in the Museo del Prado.

After completing his military service, at twenty-two Sorolla obtained a grant which enabled a four year term to study painting in Rome, Italy, where he was welcomed by and found stability in the example of F. Pradilla, the director of the Spanish Academy in Rome. A long sojourn to Paris in 1885 provided his first exposure to modern painting; of special influence were exhibitions of Jules Bastien-Lepage and Adolf von Menzel. Back in Rome he studied with Jose Benlliure, Emilio Sala, and Jose Villegas.


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Minha mulher e minhas filhas

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Walk on the Beach

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Sad Inheritance

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Children on the Sea-shore

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Pieter de Hooch


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 17th Century artist of the Baroque movement, Pieter de Hooch [Dutch, 1629-1684] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Hooch_Pieter_de

Pieter de Hooch was born in Rotterdam in 1617, the son of a mason and a midwife. His career as a painter started in Delft. As usual in his day, he had a second string to his bow besides painting: he was an assistant to a linen merchant. De Hooch specialised in decorous interiors with merry companies of people. Views through windows or corridors into other, distant rooms often featured in his work. Like other Dutch genre painters, De Hooch sometimes gave his interiors hidden messages. After moving to Amsterdam in 1661, De Hooch’s domestic groups tended to become increasingly elegant and affluent. De Hooch eventually died in Amsterdam’s Dolhuis (madhouse). When this happened is not known for certain.


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Cardplayers in a Sunlit Room

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A Dutch Courtyard

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Musical Party in a Courtyard

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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Yves Tanguy


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Surrealist movement, Yves Tanguy [French, 1900-1955] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Tanguy_Yves

Raymond Georges Yves Tanguy (1900-55), was a French-born American painter, born in Brittany, France on January 5th 1900. He was originally a merchant seaman, and was drafted into the army during World War I. Tanguy was impelled to take up painting after seeing pictures by de Chirico and in 1925, he joined the Surrealist Movement where he was welcomed by André Breton. Tanguy incorporated into his work the images of geological formations he had observed during a trip to Africa in 1930.

He exhibited extensively during the 1930’s in solo and Surrealist group shows in New York, Brussels, Paris, and London. In 1939 he emigrated to the USA, where he lived for the rest of his life, marrying the American Surrealist painter Kay Sage in 1940 and becoming an American citizen in 1948.

Tanguy’s most characteristic works are painted in a scrupulous technique reminiscent of that of Dalí, but his imagery is highly distinctive, featuring half marine and half lunar landscapes in which amorphous nameless objects proliferate in a spectral dream-space (The Invisibles, Tate Gallery, London, 1951). A retrospective of Tanguy’s work was held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York eight months after his death on January 15th 1955, in Woodbury, Connecticut.


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The Invisibles

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Indefinite Divisibility

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Neither Legends nor Figures

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Reply To Red

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Frida Kahlo


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Frida Kahlo [Mexican, 1907-1954] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Kahlo_Frida

Magdalena Carmen Frieda Kahlo y Calderón de Rivera (born July 6, 1907, Coyocoán, Mexico, died July 13, 1954, Coyocoán), Mexican painter. The daughter of a German Jewish photographer, she had polio as a child and at 18 suffered a serious bus accident. She subsequently underwent some 35 operations; during her recovery, she taught herself to paint. She is noted for her intense self-portraits, many reflecting her physical ordeal.

Like many artists working in post-revolutionary Mexico, Kahlo was influenced by Mexican folk art; this is apparent in her use of fantastical elements and bold use of color, and in her depictions of herself wearing traditional Mexican, rather than European-style, dress. Her marriage to painter Diego Rivera (from 1929) was tumultuous, but artistically rewarding.

The Surrealists André Breton and Marcel Duchamp helped arrange exhibits of her work in the U.S. and Europe, and though she denied the connection, the dreamlike quality of her work has often led historians to identify her as a Surrealist. She died at 47. Her house in Coyocoán is now the Frida Kahlo Museum.


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What the Water Gave Me

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Self-portrait with the Portrait of Doctor Farill

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The Little Deer

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Self-portrait with Loose Hair

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Maurice de Vlaminck


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Fauvist movement, Maurice de Vlaminck [French, 1876-1958] Link: https://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Vlaminck_Maurice_de

Maurice de Vlaminck (Paris 1876 – Rueil-la-Gadelière 1958) was three years old when his family moved from Paris to Vésinet. He first pursued the same musical career as his parents, who were both musicians, leaving his home as a trained double-bass player in 1892 to move to Chatou near Versailles. After absolving his military service in Vitré Maurice Vlaminck worked as a musician until he accidentally met André Derain in 1900.

It was Derain who kindled Vlaminck’s artistic ambitions. He decided to become a painter and rented an old hut in which he and Derain shared a studio. A crucial turning point in Vlaminck’s artistic development was a visit to a van Gogh exhibition in Paris in the following year. In 1902 the young painter met Henri Matisse, who encouraged him to exhibit at the “Salon des Indépendents”.

In 1905 Maurice Vlaminck had a group exhibition with Matisse, Derain, Friesz, Manguin and others at the “Salon d’automne”. The radically new colour scheme with large areas of pure colour inspired the critic Vauxelles to refer to the artists as the “Fauves”.

The lively acceptance of this new painting style is reflected in the following acquisition of Vlaminck’s entire work by the art dealer Ambroise Vollard. He also arranged the artist’s first one-man exhibition in 1906. A brief interest in Cubism is merely reflected in a short intermezzo of a few Cubist compositions.

Maurice Vlaminck’s artistic work was interrupted for four years in 1914 when he was drafted into the war. After his release Vlaminck established a small studio in Paris where he prepared for his next exhibition. It took place in 1919 at Druet, bringing about the artist’s definite break-through. The show was so successful that he was able to buy a house in Valmondois in the same year. Here, in this rural environment, Vlaminck was finally able to develop his own style as a landscape painter.

His interest in rural landscapes never ceased, even after his move to the Département Eure-et-Loire in 1925. His work was honoured in numerous international exhibitions during the 1930s.

The last years of Maurice Vlaminck’s life were determined by his friendship with the Swiss doctor Sigmund Pollag, who collected the artist’s graphic oeuvre and donated it to the Kunstmuseum Bern in 1970. Vlaminck wrote more than 20 books, including autobiographic texts.


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The Circus

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Still Life

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Restaurant at Marly-le-Roi

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Portrait of a Woman