Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Joan Mitchell


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Expressionist movement, Joan Mitchell [American, 1926-1992] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Mitchell_Joan

Joan Mitchell (American artist, 1926–1992), has had her reputation increase dramatically in the past few decades, and she’s now considered one of the major Abstract Expressionists. The Chicago native received her formal training in the mid-1940s at that city’s Art Institute. After a year in Europe, she moved to New York, where she fell in with the Abstract Expressionists and was considered a “second-generation” member of that movement. She moved to France in 1955, spent most of her life there, and died in Paris. Mitchell often painted big, both in terms of the size of the canvas and the seemingly all-out, vigorous, somewhat aggressive style that exuded an energy not unlike Willem de Kooning’s work. Mitchell’s wild mark making took place within risky but exquisite, precise compositions that often evoked landscapes. The Whitney Museum in 2002 organized a traveling Mitchell retrospective. Her work is in many prominent museums throughout the world, including New York’s Whitney Museum and Museum of Modern Art, Washington, D.C’s Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden and Phillips Collection, Boston’s Museum of Fine Arts, the Walker Arts Center in Minneapolis, MN, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art and the Art Institute of Chicago.


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Ici

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Untitled

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Champs

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Sunflowers

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: William Bailey


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Contemporary Realist movement, William Bailey [American, 1930-] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Bailey_William

William Bailey was born in 1930 in Council Bluffs, Iowa, William Bailey is certainly American, but he has spent summers in his studio in the Italian countryside for more than forty years. The colors and feeling of Italy are important influences on his art. In American Visions: The Epic History of Art in America, Robert Hughes writes that Bailey’s “calm arrays of pots, jugs, eggs, and bowls make up an ideal form-world, Platonic in its removal from ‘the itch of desire.’ Nothing spills out, thrusts forward, or wants to be touched or possessed — the traditional solicitations of still-life painting, most materialistic of arts. They are as removed from touch (and as grandly articulate in their scale) as the facade of a fine quattrocento building, seen from the other side of the piazza … an extreme opposite to the American taste for works of art which bear the signs of their struggle, unedited, in their final form.”


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Still Life with Eggs, Bowl and Vase

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Still Life Hotel Raphael

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Migianella Still Life with Pitcher

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Table with Ochre Wall

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Max Ernst


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Dadaist movement, Max Ernst [German, 1891-1976] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Ernst_Max

Max Ernst (b. 1891, Bruhl, Germany; d. 1976, Paris), was born on April 2, 1891, in Bruhl, Germany. He enrolled in the University at Bonn in 1909 to study philosophy, but soon abandoned this pursuit to concentrate on art. At this time he was interested in psychology and the art of the mentally ill. In 1911 Ernst became a friend of August Macke and joined the Rheinische Expressionisten group in Bonn. Ernst showed for the first time in 1912 at the Galerie Feldman in Cologne. At the Sonderbund exhibition of that year in Cologne he saw the work of Paul Cézanne, Edvard Munch, Pablo Picasso, and Vincent van Gogh. In 1913 he met Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay and traveled to Paris. Ernst participated that same year in the Erste deutsche Herbstsalon. In 1914 he met Jean Arp, who was to become a lifelong friend.


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Index of 12 images

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Ambiguous Figures (1 Copper Plate, 1 Zinc Plate, 1 Rubber Cloth…)

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Dadaville

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Loplop Introduces a Young Girl

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Victor Vasarely


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Op Art movement, Victor Vasarely [Hungarian-French, 1908-1997] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Vasarely_Victor

Victor Vasarely, Hungarian Viktor Vásárhelyi (born April 9, 1908, Pécs, Hungary. – died March 15, 1997, Paris, France), a Hungarian-born French painter of geometric abstractions who became one of the leading figures of the Op Art movement.


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Neptun 3

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Relief Noir et Blanc

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Pieter Cornelis Mondrian


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Neo-Plasticist movement, Pieter Cornelis Mondrian [Dutch, 1872-1944] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Mondrian_Piet

Piet Mondrian: Pure Abstraction.


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Composition with Yellow Patch

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Broadway Boogie Woogie

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Composition No. 10

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Composition No. III

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Oskar Kokoschka


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Expressionist movement, Oskar Kokoschka [Austrian, 1886-1980] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Kokoschka_Oskar

Oskar Kokoschka (born 1886, Pöchlarn, Austria; died 1980, Montreux, Switzerland), was born March 1, 1886, in the Austrian town of Pöchlarn. He spent most of his youth in Vienna, where he entered the Kunstgewerbeschule in 1904 or 1905. While still a student, he painted fans and postcards for the Wiener Werkstätte, which published his first book of poetry in 1908. That same year, Kokoschka was fiercely criticized for the works he exhibited in the Vienna Kunstschau and consequently was dismissed from the Kunstgewerbeschule. At this time, he attracted the attention of the architect Adolf Loos, who became his most vigorous supporter. In this early period, Kokoschka wrote plays that are considered among the first examples of expressionist drama.


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Self-portrait (Fiesole)

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Lotte Franzos

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Die Windsbraut (The Bride of Tempest)

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Adolph Loos

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Roy Lichtenstein


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Pop Art movement, Roy Lichtenstein [American, 1923-1997] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Lichtenstein_Roy

Roy Fox Lichtenstein was one of the first American Pop artists to achieve widespread renown, and he became a lightning rod for criticism of the movement. His early work ranged widely in style and subject matter, and displayed considerable understanding of modernist painting: Lichtenstein would often maintain that he was as interested in the abstract qualities of his images as he was in their subject matter. However, the mature Pop style he arrived at in 1961, which was inspired by comic strips, was greeted by accusations of banality, lack of originality, and, later, even copying. His high-impact, iconic images have since become synonymous with Pop art, and his method of creating images, which blended aspects of mechanical reproduction and drawing by hand, has become central to critics’ understanding of the significance of the movement.


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In the Car

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M-Maybe he became ill…

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Whaam!

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Still Life with Crystal Bowl

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Dora Carrington


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Dora Carrington [British, 1893-1932] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Carrington_Dora

Dora de Houghton Carrington (born in Hereford, England, 29 March 1893; died near Newbury, Berks, 11 March 1932) was an English painter and decorative artist. She trained at the Slade School of Fine Art in London where she met John Nash, who aroused her interest in wood-engraving, and Mark Gertler, whose powerful figure paintings influenced her own approach to portraiture. She rejected Gertler as a lover and set up home with the homosexual essayist and biographer Lytton Strachey (1880–1932), first at Tidmarsh Mill then at Ham Spray, between Newbury and Hungerford, Berks. In 1921 she married Ralph Partridge, living with him and Strachey in a ménage à trois, surrounded mainly by literary friends and receiving little encouragement to exhibit. She turned instead to decorative work, emulating Vanessa Bell and Duncan Grant but in a style more native in inspiration and more naive. She designed tiles and inn signs, experimented with painting on glass and tinfoil, decorated furniture and designed the library at Ham Spray.


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Dahlias

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Frank Prewett

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Gerald Brenan

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Portrait of E.M. Forster

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Amedeo Modigliani


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Expressionist movement, Amedeo Modigliani [Italian, 1884-1920] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Modigliani_Amedeo

During the early 1900s in Paris, the Italian painter and sculptor Amedeo Clemente Modigliani, born July 12, 1884, died January 24, 1920, developed a unique style. Today his graceful portraits and lush nudes at once evoke his name, but during his brief career few apart from his fellow artists were aware of his gifts. Modigliani had to struggle against poverty and chronic ill health, dying of tuberculosis and excesses of drink and drugs at the age of 35.


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Cypress Trees and Houses

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Portrait of Max Jacob

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Study for The Cellist

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Nude – Caryatid

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Fernand Léger


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Cubist movement, Fernand Léger [French, 1881-1955] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Leger_Fernand

Fernand Léger was born at Argentan, France, on 4 February 1881. Léger began his career as a an artist by serving an apprenticeship in architecture in Caen and working as an architectural draughtsman. In 1900 Léger went to Paris and was admitted to the École des Arts Décoratifs in 1903 and also attended the Académie Julian. The first profound influence on Léger’s work came from Cézanne, whose pictures Léger encountered at the large-scale Cézanne exhibition at the 1907 Salon d’Automne.


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Two Women Holding Flowers,

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Three Women

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Still Life with a Beer Mug

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The City