Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Constantin Brâncuși


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Constantin Brâncuși [Romanian, 1876-1957] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Brancusi_Constantin

Constantin Brâncuși; surname sometimes spelled Brâncuș; February 19, 1876 – March 16, 1957) was a Romanian-born sculptor who made his career in France. As a child he displayed an aptitude for carving wooden farm tools. Formal studies took him first to Bucharest, then to Munich, then to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His abstract style emphasizes clean geometrical lines that balance forms inherent in his materials with the symbolic allusions of representational art. Famous Brâncuși works include the Sleeping Muse (1908), The Kiss (1908), Prometheus (1911), Mademoiselle Pogany (1913), The Newborn (1915), Bird in Space(1919) and The Column of the Infinite (Coloana infinitului), popularly known as The Endless Column (1938). Considered the pioneer of modernism, Brâncuși is called the patriarch of modern sculpture.


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The First Cry

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The Kiss (1907)

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The Kiss (1912)

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Madame L.R.

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Vladimir Tatlin


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Vladimir Tatlin [Russian, 1885-1953] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Tatlin_Vladimir

Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin was born in the Russian Republic in 1885. He worked as a painter and architect. With Kazimir Malevich he became one of the two most important figures in the Russian avant-garde art movement of the 1920s.


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Female Model

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Relief

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Fishmonger

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Model

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Elizabeth Murray


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, Elizabeth Murray [American, 1940-] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Murray_Elizabeth

Elizabeth Murray was born in Chicago in 1940. She earned a BFA at the Art Institute of Chicago and an MFA from Mills College in Oakland, California. A pioneer in painting, Murray’s distinctively shaped canvases break with the art-historical tradition of illusionistic space in two-dimensions. Jutting out from the wall and sculptural in form, Murray’s paintings and watercolors playfully blur the line between the painting as an object and the painting as a space for depicting objects. Her still lifes are reminiscent of paintings by masters such as Cézanne, Picasso, and Matisse; however, like Murray’s entire body of work, her paintings rejuvenate old art forms. Breathing life into domestic subject matter, Murray’s paintings often include images of cups, drawers, utensils, chairs, and tables. These familiar objects are matched with cartoonish fingers and floating eyeballs — macabre images that are as nightmarish as they are goofy. Taken as a whole, Murray’s paintings are abstract compositions rendered in bold colors and multiple layers of paint, but the details of the paintings reveal a fascination with dream states and the psychological underbelly of domestic life. The recipient of many awards, Murray received the Skowhegan Medal in Painting in 1986, the Larry Aldrich Prize in Contemporary Art in 1993, and a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Award in 1999. Her work is featured in many collections, including Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles. Elizabeth Murray lived and worked in New York, and died in August 2007.


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Her Story

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Keyhole

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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: James Swinnerton


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist, James Swinnerton [American, 1875-1974] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Swinnerton_James

Born in Eureka, California, James Swinnerton became a famous painter of desert landscapes following a successful career as an illustrator and cartoonist.


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Coldbrook Camp, San Gabriel Canyon,

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Grandview Hotel

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Index of 6 thumbnails

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Lathrop Missouri

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Georges Braque


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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Cubist movement, Georges Braque [French, 1882-1963] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Braque_Georges

Georges Braque (b. 1882, Argenteuil-sur-Seine, France; d. 1963, Paris), was born on May 13, 1882, in Argenteuil-sur-Seine, France. He grew up in Le Havre and studied evenings at the École des Beaux-Arts there from about 1897 to 1899. He left for Paris to study under a master decorator to receive his craftsman certificate in 1901. From 1902 to 1904 he painted at the Académie Humbert in Paris, where he met Marie Laurencin and Francis Picabia. By 1906 Braque’s work was no longer Impressionist but Fauve in style; after spending that summer in Antwerp with Othon Friesz, he showed his Fauve work the following year in the Salon des Indépendants in Paris. His first solo show was at Daniel-Henri Kahnweiler’s gallery in 1908. From 1909 Pablo Picasso and Braque worked together in developing Cubism; by 1911 their styles were extremely similar. In 1912 they started to incorporate collage elements into their paintings and to experiment with the papier collé (pasted paper) technique. Their artistic collaboration lasted until 1914. Braque served in the French army during World War I and was wounded; upon his recovery in 1917 he began a close friendship with Juan Gris.


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Still Life BACH

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Black Fish

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Fishing Boats

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Houses at L’Estaque

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Diego Rivera


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Social Realist movement, Diego Rivera [Mexican, 1886-1957] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Rivera_Diego

Diego Rivera, born December 8, 1886, in Guanajuato, Mexico, sought to make art that reflected the lives of the Mexican people. Now thought to be one of the leading artists of the twentieth century, Rivera began drawing as a child. He studied art at the San Carlos Academy of Fine Arts while in his teens and then traveled to Europe to live and work on his art. He had some success as a


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Detroit Industry, North Wall

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Flower Festival (Festival de las flores)

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The Flower Carrier

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The Maize Festival (La fiesta del maíz)

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: M.C. Escher


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Op Art movement, M.C. Escher [Dutch, 1898-1972] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Escher_M_C

The Dutch artist Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898–1972) was a draftsman, book illustrator, tapestry designer, and muralist, but his primary work was as a printmaker. Born in Leeuwarden, Holland, the son of a civil engineer, Escher spent most of his childhood in Arnhem. Aspiring to be an architect, Escher enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts in Haarlem. While studying there from 1919 to 1922, his emphasis shifted from architecture to drawing and printmaking upon the encouragement of his teacher Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita. In 1924 Escher married Jetta Umiker, and the couple settled in Rome to raise a family. They resided in Italy until 1935, when growing political turmoil forced them to move first to Switzerland, then to Belgium. In 1941, with World War II under way and German troops occupying Brussels, Escher returned to Holland and settled in Baarn, where he lived and worked until shortly before his death.


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Three Spheres I

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Three Worlds

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Air and Water I

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Fifth Day of the Creation

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Natalia Gontcharova


Portrait

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Cubist movement, Natalia Gontcharova [Russian, 1881-1962] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Gontcharova_Natalia

Natalia Sergeevna Gontcharova (Russian: Наталья Сергеевна Гончарова; June 4, 1881 – October 17, 1962) was a prominent Russian avant-garde artist (Cubo-Futurism), painter and costume designer. Her great-aunt was Natalia Pushkina, wife of the poet Alexander Pushkin.


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Rayonism, Blue-Green Forest

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The Cyclist

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Picking Apples

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Pillars of Salt

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Paul Delvaux


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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Surrealist movement, Paul Delvaux [Belgian, 1897-1994] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Delvaux_Paul

Paul Delvaux was born on September 23, 1897, in Antheit, Belgium. At the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels he studied architecture from 1916 to 1917 and decorative painting from 1918 to 1919. During the early 1920s he was influenced by James Ensor and Gustave De Smet. In 1936 Delvaux shared an exhibition at the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels with René Magritte, a fellow member of the Belgian group Les Compagnons de l’Art.


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Dream girl

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Crucifixion

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Nymphs Bathing

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Winter or buried city

Featured Artist at the e.Gallery: Hanna Höch


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Featured Artist at the e.Gallery this week is a 20th Century artist of the Dadaist movement, Hanna Höch [German, 1889-1978] Link: http://fineart.elib.com/fineart.php?dir=Alphabetical/Hoch_Hanna

Hannah Höch, born Joanne Höch in Gotha, studied art in Berlin and worked as a pattern designer and writer on women’s handicrafts from 1916–1926. Her affair and artistic partnership with Raoul Hausmann, a Viennese artist, lasted from 1915 to 1922. Through Hausmann, she became part of the Berlin Club Dada, the German group of Dadaists, an artistic movement dating from about 1916 and also involved, after the first World War, with political radicalism. Höch herself expressed herself less politically than many of the others in the group. From 1926–1929 she lived and worked in Holland. She lived for some years in a lesbian relationship with Dutch poet Til Brugman.


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Hochfinanz (High Finance)

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Da Dandy

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A self portrait by the German artist Hannah Hoch

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Cut with the Dada Kitchen Knife through the Last Weimar Beer-Belly Cultural Epoch in Germany